Plagiarism = Using someone else's words, thoughts, or work without proper attribution through citation.
Source: Martin, Phillip. "Plagiarism." Image. Free Clip Art by Phillip Martin. Web. 5 Nov. 2012.
Committing plagiarism, intentionally OR accidentally, can result in a grade of 0 and other serious repercussions.
Unfortunately, there isn't an exact science when it comes to citations. The below list will give you some guideance when trying to figure out citations, but it is important to remember that when in doubt, cite.
Common occurances when citations are required:
1. Quotations - Any direct quote, no matter how long or short, must be placed in quotation marks and a citation must be used.
2. Paraphrase - Paraphrase is a restatement of another person’s thoughts or ideas in your own words, using your own sentence structure. Though you don't need to use quotation marks, you still need to cite the source.
3. Summary - The main idea(s) of a paragraph, section, or entire article are combined into a sentence written in your own words.
4. Data - Data is specific information, often numerial, that someone would need to look up in order to know.